A symphony of the grandeur of Nature and the jewelry art of Artisans.
Exquisitely enhanced with decorative techniques, or brightly adorned with inlays of precious stones, mother of pearl, natural horn, crystal, amber, murano, crystal… It is admiration.
Color, texture and graininess of the samples in the photographs are indicative.
Because of the exceptional nature of material, for each order we provide individual samples.
Finishing and decorative woodworking
Depending on the type of parquet and the specifics of its eventual exploitation, various treatments or their combination are available:
- UV Varnish
- Balsamic or UV oils
- Natural wax
The emulsion deeply impregnates the wood, providing desired aesthetical effect and creating an invisible protective layer.
Wood characteristics (UNI EN 13489:2018)
Characteristics as healthy sapwood, healthy and adherent knots with a diameter greater than 2 mm, rotten knots with a diameter greater than 1 mm, cracks (bristles), bark synclusions, lightning strikes are not allowed. Characteristics as the deviation of the grain without any limit, light color variation, parenchymatous rays are allowed. Biological alteration is not allowed.
Characteristics as healthy sapwood up to 50% of the front face, if distributed, healthy and adherent nodes with a diameter less than 5 mm, rotten knots with a diameter less than 2 mm, cracks (bristles) up to 20 mm in length are allowed. Characteristics as bark synclusions, lightning strikes are not allowed. Characteristics as the deviation of the grain without any limit, color variation, parenchymal rays are allowed. Biological alteration is not allowed.
Characteristics as healthy sapwood, healthy and adherent knots, rotten knots, cracks (bristles), cortex synclusions, lightning strikes, grain deviation, color change, parenchymatous rays without size or quantity limits, if they do not compromise the resistance or quality of parquet flooring are allowed. Biological alteration is not allowed except for blackening and black holes from insects.
The grain of the wood depends on the type of cut:
- radial cut is perpendicular to the annual rings, the veins of the boards are mostly uniform
- tangential cut is made from the center of the trunk, the veins of the boards form a pronounced pattern
- cut from the roots and lower part of the trunk, these elements are mostly used for inlays
The stability and durability of the parquet depends greatly on the preparation of the wood. According to international standards, wood moisture should not exceed 9 ± 3%. Optimal value is 7-8%. The key factor in the preparation of wood is the drying method.
In the parquet industry there are two methods of drying wood: natural drying (seasoning) and forced drying.
- Natural drying involves the following steps (terms vary according to the wood species and region of origin):4 months of log exposure in natural conditions. The moisture content of the wood is reduced from 85% to 55%, after which the wood is subjected to antiseptic treatment.
- 3 months of atmospheric drying.
The main process of drying natural wood in well ventilated areas. The wood moisture is reduced to 20%.
- 1 month of drying in the thermal chambers with thermal treatment or ultrasound.
The wood moisture is reduced to 8%.
- 1 month of exposure for the adaptation of wood to natural temperature and humidity.
The alternative method is forced accelerated drying: treatment for about 30 days in special chambers, the moisture content of the wood is reduced to 8%.
This method allows to significantly reduce the timing and costs of wood preparation.
However, this accelerated treatment and the lack of atmospheric drying and adaptation of the wood cause internal interlacing of the fibers and does not eliminate the internal stress of the planks,
leading to a low resistance of the wood to the variations of humidity and temperature regimes, and deformation of the parquet (irregular expansion, drying, cracks).